Culture of the Root
Culture of the Root
The culture of root refers to the identification and the traditional feelings of the Chinese people for their ancestors. The Chinese people have a strong sense of ethics and religion, and the tradition of blood bond in the Chinese culture is the most powerful in the world. Wherever they are, the Chinese people will never change their love for their family, their homeland, and their nation. Neither will they change their recognition for their nation and culture. High respect for the family and ancestors and the morality is the traditional virtue of the Chinese people formed in the 5000 years civilization. The culture of the Root has richer and deeper connotations as a branch of the Chinese cultural system.
The Chinese people’s admiration for the homeland and ancestors demonstrates and sustain the brilliant civilization of China. Therefore the culture of root can inspire the Chinese people all over the world, keep the national bond and national spirit, stimulate the creativity of the Chinese people and unite the family, the ethnic groups and the whole country. The culture of root serves as the foundation of the development, prosperity of the future. It is the essential spiritual desire at the bottom of the soul to seek the familiar cultural atmosphere which is reflected in a living habit or a beautiful memory.
As is known to all, China is not only one of the world’s four ancient civilized countries, but also the only one country with independent origin and constant development. Shanxi is one of the places with the longest and the most complete history in China. The history of Shanxi province has gone through the whole 5000 years’ Chinese civilization. Either from the historical documents, the discoveries of the archeology or the investigation of the historical legends, or from the comprehensive analysis about its uniqueness, density and relevance, Shanxi province has much information about the ancient history and a great many resources of the culture of root. In 1990s, the Eosimias sinensis fossils discovered in Yuanqu County of Shanxi province can date back to about 4000 years, which are one quantity class earlier than the African apes. Therefore Shanxi is assumed to be the earliest birthplace of the human beings, and Yuanqu County in Yuncheng of Shanxi province is the real homeland of human beings. Shanxi is not only the place where human beings appeared early but also the original place to use fire. According to the examination about the burned animals’ bones discovered in Xihoudu cultural site by adopting the ancient geomagnetic method, the use of fire can date back to 1.83 million years. The culture of root of Shanxi province is deep-rooted and the most famous event in history is that King Huang, the top of the five kings, defeated the tribe under the control of Chiyou, which promoted the first national integration of the China and laid a solid foundation for the 5000-year civilization of China. The first appearance of the word China in the history book refers to the area in the south of Shanxi province in the prehistoric time under the control of King Yushun. King Yao, King Shun and King Yu, also members of the five kings, were not only born on this fertile land but also established their capital here respectively. As is recorded in the ancient history books, the capital of King Yao is Pingyang, the capital of King Shun is Puban and the capital of King Yu is Anyi. These are the earliest capitals established by the heroes of ancient China in the down reaches of Fen River. Before and after this period, many great figures created their remarkable careers such as Houtu who set up the marriage system and created dancing music, Leizu who initiated the method of getting silk by raising silkworms, Houji who taught people to farm and Yidun who established the commercial city.
Shanxi is not only the main origin of the Chinese civilization, but the deepest root of the Chinese people as well. Many family names of China made their first appearance in Shanxi province and now more than 40 can be found in historic documents. For example, the family names including Wang, Zhang, Zhao, Wei, Yang, Guo, Jia, Hao, Pei, Fu, Yin, Huo, Lu, Ji, Wan, Xie, Pu, Wen, Rui, Geng, Xun, Jin, Ji, Nan and Qi all originated in Shanxi province. Even one of the eight big family names in the prehistoric Matriarchal Clan Society “gui” started from Shanxi province. People with the family name Wang all over the world have their roots in Taiyuan. According to the statistics, the Wang family of Taiyuan is one of the families with the largest population in the world and the total number has surpassed 0.1 billion. The descendants of the Wang family out of Shanxi organize some activities to enhance the bond and mutual help between them. Nowadays, there are more than 50 big associations of the Wang family in China. Although the people of the Wang family live in different places of the world, because of the intimate blood connection, they share a common thing that they never forget Taiyuan, the original place their ancestors started creating their careers. In recent years, many members of associations of the Wang family, the Lian family of Shangdang, the Huo family of Huozhou and the Fu family of Pinglu have returned from abroad to their homeland and invest in the business here, which demonstrates the deep parental feelings contained in the culture of root, and the powerful attraction and unification of Shanxi for the Chinese people. In addition, a well-known folk lyrics in most areas shows this point which says “if you ask me where is my homeland, I will tell you it is the big scholartree of Hongdong County in Shanxi”. During the 50 years from the beginning of Hongwu period to Yongle period of Ming Dynasty, a large-scale migration took place in Hongdong County of Shanxi province which is the location of the big scholartree. More than 600 years have passed, and the descendants of the homeland of the big scholartree are now living in more than 400 counties of more than 20 provinces. One the one hand, a great many residents of Shanxi moved to other places in the migration and created new careers out of Shanxi. On the other hand, the migration made Shanxi the birthplace of the culture of root in a certain historical period.
When reviewing the history of Shanxi and looking back on the ancestors of human beings 45 million years ago, cultivated by the 5000 years’ civilization of China, we will feel amazed by the deep culture of root in Shanxi. Eosimias sinensis, Xihoudu, Nvwa, King Yan, Yao, Shun, Yu, the Temple of Houtu, the site of Tao Temple and the big scholartree of Hongdong County, which are the treasures of the Chinese people’s origin and development, are like sparkling stars in the sky of Shanxi province and become the places where numerous Chinese people have their roots. Jinnan is the main area of the culture of root in Shanxi, which is noted for dense historic sites, the charm of inherited colorful cultural forms and the impressive image. This is the spiritual homeland of the Chinese people for thousands of years, where the Chinese civilization started and thousands of Chinese people come to seek their roots and honor their ancestors each year. We Chinese people will be united by the common root and let’s get together in Shanxi province.